December 7, 2023

Trading Commodities: Exploring Top 5 Commodities & How to Trade Them

December 7, 2023


Trading Commodities – in the world of financial markets, commodities play a significant role in trading. These tangible goods hold intrinsic value and are crucial elements in global trade. From agricultural products to precious metals, commodities offer diverse opportunities for investors seeking to diversify their portfolios.

Trading Commodities: Top 5 Tradable Commodities

Here, we delve into the top 5 tradable commodities and explore strategies for trading each.

1. Crude Oil
Market Size: Crude oil holds the largest market size among commodities, with a daily trade volume surpassing millions of barrels worldwide.

Crude oil stands as the lifeblood of the global economy, powering industries and transportation. Trading oil involves monitoring geopolitical events, supply-demand dynamics, and global economic conditions. Investors can trade oil through various instruments, such as futures contracts, options, and exchange-traded funds (ETFs).

Understanding factors like inventory reports, OPEC decisions, and geopolitical tensions is crucial when trading oil.

2. Gold
Market Size: Gold boasts a significant market size and is traded globally in bullion and derivative markets, with a daily volume of billions of dollars.

Regarded as a safe-haven asset, gold has been a store of value for centuries. Investors often flock to gold during economic uncertainties. Trading gold involves using futures contracts, options, or trading physical gold.

Factors affecting gold prices include inflation rates, currency movements, central bank policies, and geopolitical tensions.

3. Agricultural Products (Corn, Wheat, Soybeans)
Market Size: Agricultural commodities trade globally, with a combined market size of billions of dollars annually.

Agricultural commodities such as corn, wheat, and soybeans are essential for food production. Trading agricultural products requires understanding weather patterns, crop reports, and global demand-supply dynamics.

Futures contracts are commonly used for trading agricultural commodities, allowing investors to hedge against price volatility caused by factors like weather changes, government policies, and global demand shifts.

4. Natural Gas
Market Size: Natural gas holds a significant market size, with daily trade volumes in billions of cubic feet worldwide.

Natural gas is a versatile energy source used for heating, electricity generation, and industrial purposes. Similar to oil, trading natural gas involves monitoring supply-demand fundamentals, weather forecasts, storage levels, and geopolitical tensions.

Investors can trade natural gas through futures contracts or ETFs, aiming to capitalize on seasonal demand variations and geopolitical developments.

5. Copper
Market Size: Copper has a substantial market size, traded in millions of metric tons globally.

Copper is an essential industrial metal, widely used in construction, electronics, and manufacturing. Trading copper involves analyzing global economic trends, infrastructure developments, and supply-demand factors.

Futures contracts or exchange-traded products are used for copper trading, with investors closely monitoring factors like manufacturing data, global demand trends, and mining output.

Trading Commodities – Trading Oil: Strategies, Tips, and Market Insights

Crude oil stands as one of the most traded and influential commodities in the financial world. Its significance in powering industries and economies globally makes it a focal point for traders seeking potential profits.

However, trading oil comes with its complexities and requires a nuanced understanding of the market. This comprehensive guide aims to provide insights, strategies, and tips for those looking to navigate the oil trading arena.

Understanding the Oil Market

1. Supply and Demand Dynamics: Oil prices heavily depend on global supply and demand dynamics. Keep a close watch on production levels, geopolitical tensions, OPEC decisions, and inventory reports.

2. Price Drivers: Several factors impact oil prices, including economic conditions, currency movements, technological advancements, and environmental policies affecting alternative energy sources.

3. Types of Oil: WTI (West Texas Intermediate) and Brent Crude are the most commonly traded types. They differ in sulfur content, location, and quality, influencing their respective prices.

Strategies for Oil Trading

1. Technical Analysis: Use charts, patterns, and indicators like Moving Averages, RSI (Relative Strength Index), and MACD (Moving Average Convergence Divergence) to identify potential entry and exit points.

2. Fundamental Analysis: Stay updated on news, geopolitical events, inventory reports, and OPEC meetings. Understand how these factors impact oil prices.

3. Trading Instruments: Futures contracts and ETFs are common instruments for oil trading. Futures allow you to speculate on future oil prices, while ETFs provide diversified exposure to the oil market.

Tips for Successful Oil Trading

1. Risk Management: Set stop-loss orders to limit potential losses. Oil markets can be highly volatile, so managing risk is crucial.

2. Diversification: Avoid putting all your funds into a single oil trade. Diversifying your portfolio helps mitigate risk.

3. Education and Research: Continuously educate yourself about the oil market. Stay updated with industry news, reports, and market trends to make informed trading decisions.

Steps to Start Trading Oil

1. Choose a Broker: Select a reputable broker offering access to oil markets and suitable trading platforms.

2. Develop a Strategy: Determine your trading style, whether it’s day trading, swing trading, or long-term investing, and create a solid trading plan.

3. Practice with a Demo Account: Before trading with real money, use a demo account to practice and refine your strategies.

4. Start Small: Begin with a small investment and gradually increase your exposure as you gain confidence and experience.


Trading oil can be rewarding but requires diligence, market awareness, and risk management. The oil market’s complexities necessitate a robust understanding of both technical and fundamental analysis.

By employing sound strategies, staying informed, and managing risks, traders can potentially capitalize on the fluctuations in oil prices.

Remember, the oil market is dynamic and influenced by numerous variables. Thus, it’s crucial to adapt to changing market conditions and continuously refine your trading approach to thrive in this ever-evolving landscape.

Trading Commodities

Trading Gold: A Precious Opportunity

Understanding Gold:
Gold, a prized metal, often acts as a safe haven during economic uncertainties. Its price is influenced by various factors such as inflation rates, currency movements, central bank policies, and geopolitical tensions.

Trading Strategies:

  • Technical Analysis: Use chart patterns, trend lines, and key levels to identify entry and exit points.
  • Fundamental Analysis: Monitor global economic indicators, central bank decisions, and geopolitical events impacting gold prices.
  • Trading Instruments: Consider trading gold futures, options, or ETFs to gain exposure to this precious metal.

Tips for Success:

  • Maintain a diversified portfolio.
  • Stay updated with economic news and geopolitical developments.
  • Set clear risk management strategies and use stop-loss orders.

Agricultural Products (Corn, Wheat, and Soybeans): Navigating the Crop Markets

Understanding Agricultural Commodities:
Corn, wheat, and soybeans are crucial for food production and subject to supply-demand fluctuations due to weather patterns, government policies, and global demand shifts.

Trading Strategies:

  • Seasonal Trends: Be aware of planting and harvesting seasons affecting crop prices.
  • Government Reports: Pay attention to USDA reports, which provide vital information about crop forecasts and inventory levels.
  • Futures Contracts: Utilize futures contracts to hedge against price volatility caused by weather changes or demand shifts.

Tips for Success:

  • Stay updated with weather forecasts and crop reports.
  • Understand the impact of global trade policies on agricultural markets.
  • Diversify across various agricultural commodities for a balanced portfolio.

Natural Gas: Tapping into Energy Markets

Understanding Natural Gas:
A versatile energy source used for heating, electricity generation, and industrial purposes. Prices are influenced by supply-demand fundamentals, weather forecasts, storage levels, and geopolitical tensions.

Trading Strategies:

  • Seasonal Demand: Natural gas prices fluctuate with seasonal demand variations, especially during winter for heating purposes.
  • Storage Reports: Monitor weekly storage reports to gauge supply levels.
  • Futures Contracts or ETFs: Use these instruments to trade natural gas based on market trends.

Tips for Success:

  • Keep track of weather forecasts affecting natural gas demand.
  • Be aware of geopolitical events impacting global gas markets.
  • Consider market trends and technical indicators for informed trading decisions.

Copper: Unveiling the Industrial Metal Market

Understanding Copper:
Copper serves industries like construction and electronics. Its price is affected by global economic trends, infrastructure developments, and supply-demand factors.

Trading Strategies:

  • Economic Indicators: Monitor manufacturing data and global economic trends influencing copper demand.
  • Supply Chain Disruptions: Understand how disruptions in mining or manufacturing can impact copper prices.
  • Futures Contracts or Exchange-Traded Products: Use these instruments to trade copper based on market analysis.

Tips for Success:

  • Stay informed about global manufacturing and infrastructure projects.
  • Monitor geopolitical events affecting copper supply chains.
  • Utilize technical analysis to identify entry and exit points.

Trading uncommon commodities can offer unique opportunities for diversification and potentially higher returns. These commodities often have specialized markets and require a different approach compared to more mainstream assets.

Trading Commodities – Uncommon Tradable Assets

Here’s a guide to trading in some less conventional but intriguing commodities:

1. Rare Earth Elements

Understanding Rare Earth Elements (REEs):
REEs comprise a group of 17 metals vital for various technologies like smartphones, renewable energy, and defense systems. These elements are not traded in large volumes like gold or oil but have high strategic importance due to their scarcity and specialized uses.

Trading Strategies:

  • Supply and Demand Dynamics: Research global production, trade policies, and technological advancements affecting demand.
  • Investment Instruments: Consider investing in mining companies, ETFs specializing in rare earth metals, or futures contracts if available.

Tips for Success:

  • Stay updated on technological advancements and emerging industries reliant on REEs.
  • Understand geopolitical factors impacting REE markets (like trade restrictions or new discoveries).
  • Research companies involved in REE mining and production for potential investment opportunities.

2. Carbon Credits

Understanding Carbon Credits:
Carbon credits represent a permit allowing a company to emit a certain amount of carbon dioxide or other greenhouse gases. They’re tradable commodities aimed at reducing overall carbon emissions globally.

Trading Strategies:

  • Understanding Regulatory Changes: Stay informed about global climate agreements and changes in emissions trading systems.
  • Carbon Offset Projects: Invest in projects that generate carbon credits, such as reforestation or renewable energy initiatives.
  • Carbon Markets: Trade carbon credits on specialized exchanges or through brokers dealing in emissions trading.

Tips for Success:

  • Keep track of evolving environmental regulations and policies worldwide.
  • Consider the potential impact of carbon credit prices on industries like energy and manufacturing.
  • Understand the complexities of different carbon trading schemes and their variations.

3. Lithium

Understanding Lithium:
Lithium, a key component in batteries for electric vehicles and energy storage systems, has gained attention due to the growing demand for clean energy solutions.

Trading Strategies:

  • Electric Vehicle Industry Trends: Monitor trends in the electric vehicle market and lithium-ion battery technologies.
  • Supply Chain Analysis: Understand lithium mining, processing, and exploration companies to assess investment opportunities.
  • Investment Vehicles: Consider investing in lithium-focused ETFs, mining stocks, or exploring derivative markets if available.

Tips for Success:

  • Stay updated on advancements in battery technology and energy storage solutions.
  • Understand geopolitical factors affecting lithium supply, such as mining regulations and discoveries.
  • Consider the long-term potential of lithium in the context of global energy transition efforts.

Trading uncommon commodities requires in-depth knowledge, extensive research, and an understanding of niche markets.

While these commodities may offer opportunities for diversification and potentially higher returns, they also come with unique risks and market dynamics.

Success in trading less conventional commodities often depends on staying well-informed about industry trends, regulatory changes, and geopolitical factors influencing these markets.

As with any investment, thorough research, risk management, and a long-term perspective are key to navigating these specialized commodity markets.

Understanding CMTrading and Trading Commodities

CMTrading is a reputable online broker that offers a platform for trading various financial instruments, including commodities like precious metals, energy resources, and agricultural products. The platform provides access to global markets and the tools necessary for traders to engage in commodity trading.

2. Getting Started with CMTrading

Account Registration:

  • Visit the CMTrading website and open an account by providing the necessary personal and financial information.
  • Verify your identity as per regulatory requirements.

Funding Your Account:

  • Deposit funds into your CMTrading account using various payment methods offered by the platform, such as credit or debit cards, bank transfers, or e-wallets.

Accessing the Trading Platform:

  • After account creation and funding, log in to the CMTrading platform using the provided credentials.

3. Trading Commodities with CMTrading

Commodity Selection:

  • Explore the range of commodities available for trading on CMTrading’s platform, including gold, silver, oil, natural gas, corn, wheat, and more.
  • Understand the characteristics and factors influencing the prices of each commodity.

Market Analysis Tools:

  • Utilize CMTrading’s charting tools, technical indicators, and real-time data to perform technical and fundamental analysis.
  • Stay updated with news and market insights provided on the platform for informed trading decisions.

Execution of Trades:

  • Choose the commodity you wish to trade and select the appropriate trading instrument (futures contracts, spot contracts, or CFDs) available on CMTrading’s platform.
  • Set your trade parameters, including entry and exit points, stop-loss, and take-profit levels.

4. Risk Management and Trading Strategies

Risk Management:

  • Implement risk management techniques like setting stop-loss orders to limit potential losses.
  • Avoid over-leveraging and manage position sizes based on your risk tolerance.

Trading Strategies:

  • Explore different trading strategies suitable for commodities, such as trend following, range trading, or breakout strategies.
  • Use a combination of technical and fundamental analysis to make informed trading decisions.

5. Continuous Learning and Support

Educational Resources:

  • Take advantage of CMTrading’s educational materials, webinars, tutorials, and market analysis reports to enhance your trading skills and knowledge.

Customer Support:

  • Reach out to CMTrading’s customer support team for assistance with any platform-related queries or trading issues.


Trading commodities through CMTrading offers an opportunity to diversify portfolios and participate in global markets.

By understanding the platform’s functionalities, conducting thorough market analysis, employing risk management strategies, and continuously learning, traders can navigate the world of commodity trading more effectively.

Always remember to trade responsibly and consider seeking professional advice before making significant trading decisions.

Ready to start Online Trading? Open an account today        

Join CMTrading, the largest and best-performing broker in Africa, and discover more opportunities with an award-winning broker. Register here to get started            

Follow us on Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn, Twitter, and YouTube 

Trading involves a significant risk of loss and is not suitable for all investors. It’s important to understand the risks and seek advice from an independent financial advisor if necessary.

The information provided here does not constitute investment advice.



Follow us on:

Start Trading Now!

Recent Posts

How To Invest In Gold In South Africa

  Investments in precious metals, particularly gold, tend to keep their value in the financial markets for extended periods. They thereby offer commodity merchants a permanent safe haven.   Beyond its flashy exterior, gold has

Read More »
Trade Schools
What Are The Best Trade Schools In South Africa

  Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET colleges) or Trade schools, which offer specialized education in a range of skilled trades, are essential parts of South Africa’s educational system. These educational establishments have a functional,

Read More »

Leaving so Soon?

Register now and get $300 extra using promo code CMT300

T&C Apply | Min Deposit $300 | Max. Reward $300