July 9, 2024

How To Invest In Gold In South Africa

July 9, 2024



Investments in precious metals, particularly gold, tend to keep their value in the financial markets for extended periods. They thereby offer commodity merchants a permanent safe haven.


Beyond its flashy exterior, gold has a long history of being a safe haven investment, particularly during turbulent economic times. In South Africa, you may be thinking of going all in for the gold rush.


However, hang on! There are a few options to satisfy your gold addiction, each with pros and cons of its own.


Gold buyers have many options in South Africa, a country well-known for its long history of producing precious metals. We will give you insightful information about purchasing gold in South Africa in this article so that you can join the gold market prepared.


We will cover the fundamentals of how to invest in gold in South Africa online and various kinds of stocks and exchange-traded funds (ETFs).


How to Invest in Gold in South Africa for Beginners

It’s best if you understand your options before beginning any gold investment. The following are the most popular kinds of investing in physical and digital gold:

Physical Gold

The easiest and safest way to invest in gold is to own actual gold. The federal mint in South Africa manufactures a variety of gold coins, including the well-known Krugerrands, which are highly prized by investors and collectors alike.

Gold Bars and Coins

Imagine large, hefty gold fingers that you can hold in your hand. Gold coins are a popular option for investors since sovereign governments produce them and have a specified purity level and gold content. Private mints, on the other hand, create gold rounds and bars.


Krugerrand: The official gold coin of South Africa is the Krugerrand. They are fairly transferable, and selling them shouldn’t be too tough because they are essentially legal tender—sort of like upscale collector’s coins.

Gold Bullion

This is conceivably the most well-known way to possess gold directly. Bullion in gold is commonly associated with the massive gold bars kept at Fort Knox in Kentucky.


In actuality, any kind of pure, or almost pure, gold that has undergone weight and purity certification qualifies as gold bullion. This covers gold in all its forms, including coins, bars, and other pieces. Gold bars typically have a serial number affixed to them for security reasons.


Even though big, 400-troy-ounce gold bars are a stunning sight, their bulk renders them illiquid and, hence, expensive to buy and sell.


In the end, you can’t just cut off the end of a $100,000 gold bar and sell it if your entire gold holding consists of that one enormous bar and you want to sell 10% of it. However, bullion held in smaller bars and coins offers significantly more liquidity and is a popular option for gold owners.

Pros of Physical Gold

  • Direct ownership with no counterparty risk.
  • Highly liquid and globally recognized.
  • It can act as a safe haven in times of economic uncertainty.

Cons of Physical Gold

  • Requires secure storage and insurance.
  • May involve additional costs for storage and security.
  • Less convenient to sell in small quantities compared to ETFs or stocks.

Digital and Paper Gold

Gold Pool Account

Investors can easily enter the gold market using gold pool accounts without having to touch physical gold. These accounts combine money from several people to buy gold, which a dealer or financial institution subsequently handles. This shared method lowers administrative and storage costs, making it a cost-effective choice for gold investors.


Liquidity is the main benefit of gold pool accounts. It is convenient for investors to acquire and sell their shares without having to deal with actual gold, especially in times of market volatility. But, because the gold is unallocated and its security is dependent on the institution’s dependability, it is imperative to select a trustworthy supplier.


Before investing, buyers should confirm the security and purity of the gold. Even if they do not physically possess the gold, investors nevertheless gain from gold’s historical function as a hedge against inflation and exchange rate swings, which strengthens a diversified investment portfolio.


  • Lower costs compared to holding physical gold.
  • Easy to buy and sell shares.


  • No physical possession of gold.
  • Dependent on the reliability of the institution managing the pool.

Leveraged Gold Investments

Leveraged investments in physical gold involve borrowing money to buy more gold than you could with your own funds. This strategy aims to increase your gains from gold price changes. By using borrowed money, you can control a larger amount of gold and potentially profit from even small price increases.


However, leveraging comes with significant risks. The main danger is the possibility of margin calls. If the price of gold drops below a certain level, the lender may ask you to put in more money to cover the loan. If you can’t meet this requirement, you could face financial trouble.


Careful management is essential when using leverage to invest in gold. You need to be prepared for unexpected expenses and sudden market changes to avoid jeopardizing your finances.


  • Potential for higher returns with smaller initial investment.


  • High risk, including the possibility of losing more than the initial investment.
  • Margin calls can require additional capital.

Gold Futures

A sort of financial contract known as gold futures enables investors to buy or sell a specific quantity of gold at a predetermined price at a later date. More experienced investors and speculators favor gold futures because they provide the possibility of large returns through leverage.


Investors who trade gold futures typically have a higher risk tolerance and are better informed about market patterns and movements. It also entails extra expenses like margin requirements and brokerage account fees.


  • Leverage allows for potentially large profits.
  • Can hedge against price fluctuations.


  • High risk due to leverage.
  • Requires a margin account and understanding of futures markets.

Gold Certificates

One further thing to think about is gold certifications. Reputable South African investment banks supply these, which give a practical option to invest in gold without requiring physical custody. You can feel secure knowing that the bank has your investment in your name when you have a gold certificate.


  • No need for physical storage.
  • Direct ownership without counterparty risk.


  • Dependent on the issuing bank’s solvency.
  • It may involve fees for issuing and managing certificates.
Gold Trading
Gold Trading

Gold Stocks and Funds

Gold Mining Stocks

A further indirect option to invest in gold is through stocking gold mining firms. As the name implies, this entails investing in the stocks of miners who extract and produce gold. The company’s financial performance, management choices, the price of gold, and general market conditions all have an impact on the value of gold stocks.


Although gold mining stocks have the potential to yield large profits, they also carry a greater degree of risk and possible volatility. This is due to the fact that a number of variables other than the price of gold influence gold stocks’ value. In addition, there is a chance that the company’s operations will expose investors to political and environmental hazards.


  • Potential for high returns if gold prices rise.
  • Dividend income from profitable companies.


  • High volatility and risk.
  • Company performance can be affected by operational issues and geopolitical risks.

Gold ETFs

An exchange-traded fund (ETF) based on gold provides an option to buy gold bullion directly. One-tenth of an ounce, for example, is the set amount of gold represented by each share of this unique security.


ETFs can be purchased and sold in any brokerage account or individual retirement plan (IRA), much like equities. Therefore, using this method is simpler and more affordable than directly owning bars or coins. Since the minimum investment is just the cost of one ETF share, this is especially true for small investors.


These funds typically have annual average expense ratios of roughly 0.61%, which is far lower than the costs and fees associated with most mutual funds and many other types of investments.


  • High liquidity and easy to trade.
  • Lower costs compared to physical gold.


  • Management fees can affect returns.
  • No physical possession of gold.

Gold Mutual Funds

These funds invest in a portfolio of gold-related assets, including physical gold, mining stocks, and gold ETFs. They offer diversification and professional management.


A large number of mutual funds include gold companies and bullion in their regular holdings. Investors should be aware, though, that very few mutual funds concentrate purely on gold investments; the majority also hold a variety of other commodities.


Certain funds are linked to gold prices directly, while others invest in the mining companies’ indexes. Others are managed proactively.


While exchange-traded funds (ETFs) typically follow a passive index-tracking strategy and have lower expense ratios, traditional mutual funds generally are actively managed.


  • Diversification reduces risk.
  • Managed by professional fund managers.


  • Management fees can reduce returns.
  • Performance depends on the fund manager’s decisions.

Gold Shares on JSE

Purchasing shares in gold mining companies is a way to invest in the gold market indirectly and maybe profit from gold price increases. Numerous gold mining firms in South Africa present investment prospects. Investors can have exposure to the gold mining industry and possibly make profits by purchasing shares in these firms, contingent on the performance of the individual companies and the gold market as a whole.


The Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE), which has a gold mining index known as the J150, is a prominent marketplace for gold mining investments. The J150 offers investors a benchmark to monitor the performance of the gold mining industry by assembling the best-performing gold mining equities in South Africa.


  • Shares can offer substantial gains if gold prices rise.
  • Some gold mining companies pay dividends.
  • Easy to buy and sell through the Johannesburg Stock Exchange.
  • Benefit from gold price increases without owning physical gold.


  • Gold mining stocks can be highly volatile.
  • Company performance can be affected by mining operations and management decisions.
  • Exposure to political and regulatory issues in mining regions.
  • Stock prices can be influenced by broader market trends and not just gold prices.

Ready to start Online Trading? Open an account today        

Join CMTrading, the largest and best-performing broker in Africa, and discover more opportunities with an award-winning broker. Register here to get started            

Follow us on Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn, Twitter, and YouTube 

Trading involves a significant risk of loss and is not suitable for all investors. It’s important to understand the risks and seek advice from an independent financial advisor if necessary.

The information provided here does not constitute investment advice.



Follow us on:

Start Trading Now!

Recent Posts

How To Invest In Gold In South Africa

  Investments in precious metals, particularly gold, tend to keep their value in the financial markets for extended periods. They thereby offer commodity merchants a permanent safe haven.   Beyond its flashy exterior, gold has

Read More »
Trade Schools
What Are The Best Trade Schools In South Africa

  Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET colleges) or Trade schools, which offer specialized education in a range of skilled trades, are essential parts of South Africa’s educational system. These educational establishments have a functional,

Read More »

Leaving so Soon?

Register now and get $300 extra using promo code CMT300

T&C Apply | Min Deposit $300 | Max. Reward $300