May 28, 2024

Do You Pay Tax On Bitcoin In South Africa? Everything You Need To Know

May 28, 2024


According to Chainalysis, South Africa is among the top 30 nations in the world for cryptocurrency acceptance. Tax laws govern the usage and management of crypto asset transactions in South Africa. It implies that anyone who purchases, sells, or holds cryptocurrencies could need to report any activity involving cryptocurrencies on their tax returns and pay taxes on any gains or income they make.

Bitcoin has become increasingly popular in South Africa, attracting the attention of both regular citizens and investors. But throughout its ascent, tax-related concerns are prominent. Anyone trading or using Bitcoin needs to be aware of the taxation surrounding it. Instead of treating cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin as currency or property, the South African Revenue Service (SARS) views them as “assets of an intangible nature” that must be taxed.

Understanding tax regulations and cryptocurrencies in a detailed manner is necessary to navigate Bitcoin taxation. This article aims to shed light on South Africa’s complex tax laws about Bitcoin crypto transactions.

Does South Africa have taxation on cryptocurrencies?

Yes, cryptocurrency assets like Bitcoin are subject to the same normal income tax rules as other assets, and those who are impacted must report any gains or losses on their cryptocurrency holdings as income. Taxpayers’ responsibility is to report any taxable income connected to cryptocurrency assets in the tax year earned or received. Penalties and interest could be incurred for failure to comply. Income from cryptocurrency transactions involving crypto assets transactions may be subject to normal income tax rules and reported as “gross income” on a revenue account.

As stated in the Eighth Schedule to the Act, these gains could also be considered the capital for Capital Gains Tax (CGT) taxes. The current body of legislation determines if an accrual or receipt is capital or revenue.

If an expenditure occurs in producing the taxpayer’s gross income and for trading purposes, it can also be claimed by the taxpayer for accruals or receipts related to crypto assets.

South African Revenue Service (SARS)

If the Bitcoin transaction is regarded as a “trade” or an “investment,” selling it could be liable to income tax or capital gains tax. In South Africa, the organisation in charge of handling taxation and collection is the South African Revenue Service. Value-added tax (VAT), income tax, customs duties, capital gains tax, and excise duties are just a few of the levies that SARS collects for the South African government to finance public services, infrastructure, and social programs.

SARS and the South African Reserve Bank (SARB) collaborated to look at methods for tracking financial inflows and outflows. These authorities can track taxpayer deposits and bank transfers to and from Bitcoin platforms. SARS has previously declared that it will spend money on technical know-how to follow these digital traces.

How does SARS tax cryptocurrency?

Instead of considering cryptocurrencies money, SARS views them as assets that fall under the Income Tax Act’s definition of “financial instrument.” It implies that the amount of “tax” a cryptocurrency would levy on you will vary depending upon whether you are a long-term investor or an active trader.

If you are an active trader, the money you earn from trading cryptocurrencies will be taxable as “income” at your marginal tax rate.

But, if you own bitcoin as a holding (on a capital account) and purchase it or otherwise dispose of it, the gain will be liable to “capital gains tax”, which applies to persons only and has a maximum effective rate of 18%.

SARS is also extremely explicit that you must declare any payments made to you in cryptocurrencies since they are subject to taxes like any other form of income.

Are There Any Laws on Cryptocurrency in South Africa?

People will forever be asking if are there any laws on cryptocurrency in South Africa. Let this guide help you to answer this question. In South Africa, the process of comprehending and cataloguing cryptocurrencies began in 2014:

2014: To alert the public about the dangers of cryptocurrency assets, the National Treasury (NT), the South African Reserve Bank (SARB), the Financial Services Board (now the Financial Sector Conduct Authority (FSCA), the South African Revenue Service (SARS), and the Financial Intelligence Centre (FIC) jointly release a statement.

2016: the NT, SARB, FSCA, and FIC members form the Intergovernmental Fintech Working Group (IFWG) to promote fintech advancements and analyse the advantages and disadvantages of new technology.

2018: In a press statement, SARS explains how cryptocurrencies should be treated tax-wise.

2019: SARS and the National Credit Regulator (NCR) join the IFWG. IFWG released a consultation document on crypto assets containing policy recommendations for a regulatory framework.

2020: IFWG released a position paper with regulatory suggestions.

2021: SARB conducts regulatory activities, and a position paper directs suggested regulations about crypto assets. Crypto asset transactions overseas are prohibited until laws are finalised. However, SARB is planning guidelines for such transfers.

Crypto Tax Calculator South Africa

Depending on the circumstances, cryptocurrency transactions might be subject to income or capital gains tax. Crypto mining, staking, airdrop, and hard fork revenues are all considered forms of income and are subject to 45% taxation. However, if the owner plans to hold the mining income for an extended period, it is eligible for the 18% capital gains tax rate.

How To Calculate Capital Gains Tax?

To compute your capital gains tax, you must ascertain your asset’s base cost. It is usually the sum of the purchase price of your coin plus any applicable fees. You will next have to decide how you are going to continue. It usually equals the asset’s sales price minus any applicable fees. The formula below will determine your capital gains and losses.

Capital Gain/ Capital Loss = Proceeds – Base Cost

The formula can determine the portion of your capital gain subject to taxes once you have established your capital gain.

40% x Capital Gain = Taxable Gain


Every tax year, the first R40,000 profit is free of tax; after that, taxpayers only have to pay tax on 40% of the profit, up to an 18% rate.


Which transactions are subject to capital gains tax?

All profits from the trade of a cryptocurrency asset by a person whom the South African Revenue Service views as an investor will be liable to capital gains tax. A cryptocurrency asset can be disposed of in several ways, such as:

  • Trading cryptocurrency for fiat money.
  • Cryptocurrency exchanges.
  • Utilising cryptocurrency to gift cryptocurrency.
  • Pay for products and services.

If any of these sales profit, the person must pay capital gains tax. The specifics of the trade and the individual’s condition will determine the amount of tax owed.

How can I file my crypto taxes in South Africa?

The South African Revenue Service eFiling system is the simplest method to file your taxes in South Africa after you have determined your entire bitcoin tax liability. In your tax return, you can report capital gains on disposals made throughout the tax year, including cryptocurrencies. You can report revenue from cryptocurrency trades in a different area if you are a trader. You can quickly and safely file your tax return online using SARS eFiling, and you can monitor the progress of the filing.

When is the Deadline for Reporting my Crypto Taxes in South Africa?

The tax year in South Africa begins on March 1st and ends on February 28th each year. Based on the kind of tax and the taxpayer’s filing conditions, several deadlines apply in South Africa for submitting taxes.

The deadline for those filing a tax return is October 24 of the subsequent year. People must also take provisional tax into account. The following deadlines apply if a person or organisation has filed for provisional tax:

  • The initial payment is due on 31 August of the current tax year.
  • The second payment is due on the last working day in February.
  • In South Africa, the third provisional tax payment is optional and can be paid on these dates:
  • For companies with the last day of February, and other individuals or entities other than companies, the last working day of September.
  • Within six months following the end of the tax year in all other circumstances.

Practical Tips for Bitcoin Tax Compliance

Taxpayers can confidently manage the difficulties of Bitcoin taxation by adhering to these helpful suggestions.

Keep Precise Records

Keep thorough records of all crypto transactions, including buys, sells, trades, and other cryptocurrency-related activities. Record every transaction’s date, amount, and purpose to simplify tax reporting.

Use Cryptocurrency Tax Software

To help automate computing your tax responsibilities, think about utilising specialized cryptocurrency tax software. These technologies can simplify data collecting, create detailed tax reports for simple filing, and interface with your exchanges and wallets.

Understand Tax Treatment

Educate yourself on the taxation of Bitcoin transactions in South Africa, including capital gains tax on investment gains and income tax on profits from mining or trading. Making educated judgments and lowering your tax liability can be facilitated by being aware of the tax ramifications of various activities.

Keep Up with Laws

Stay informed about any modifications or revisions to South Africa’s cryptocurrency tax laws. The tax regulations related to cryptocurrencies are still changing, so keeping up with the latest developments can help you modify your tax plan appropriately and prevent penalties for noncompliance.

Report All Income

Accurately and truthfully report all gross income about cryptocurrencies to the South African Revenue Service. Being dishonest in your tax forms is crucial since underreporting profits from Bitcoin transactions may lead to fines or legal ramifications.


Conclusively, paying close attention to detail and following legal requirements are essential for managing the tax implications of Bitcoin transactions in South Africa. The growing acceptance of cryptocurrencies has increased the significance of comprehending and abiding by tax regulations. Taxpayers help the larger objectives of economic development and fiscal responsibility in South Africa, as well as the integrity of the tax system, by guaranteeing openness and accountability in bitcoin transactions.

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